This document describes the current stable version of Celery (5.3). For development docs, go here.

Source code for celery.utils.serialization

"""Utilities for safely pickling exceptions."""
import datetime
import numbers
import sys
from base64 import b64decode as base64decode
from base64 import b64encode as base64encode
from functools import partial
from inspect import getmro
from itertools import takewhile

from kombu.utils.encoding import bytes_to_str, safe_repr, str_to_bytes

try:
    import cPickle as pickle
except ImportError:
    import pickle

__all__ = (
    'UnpickleableExceptionWrapper', 'subclass_exception',
    'find_pickleable_exception', 'create_exception_cls',
    'get_pickleable_exception', 'get_pickleable_etype',
    'get_pickled_exception', 'strtobool',
)

#: List of base classes we probably don't want to reduce to.
unwanted_base_classes = (Exception, BaseException, object)

STRTOBOOL_DEFAULT_TABLE = {'false': False, 'no': False, '0': False,
                           'true': True, 'yes': True, '1': True,
                           'on': True, 'off': False}


[docs]def subclass_exception(name, parent, module): """Create new exception class.""" return type(name, (parent,), {'__module__': module})
[docs]def find_pickleable_exception(exc, loads=pickle.loads, dumps=pickle.dumps): """Find first pickleable exception base class. With an exception instance, iterate over its super classes (by MRO) and find the first super exception that's pickleable. It does not go below :exc:`Exception` (i.e., it skips :exc:`Exception`, :class:`BaseException` and :class:`object`). If that happens you should use :exc:`UnpickleableException` instead. Arguments: exc (BaseException): An exception instance. loads: decoder to use. dumps: encoder to use Returns: Exception: Nearest pickleable parent exception class (except :exc:`Exception` and parents), or if the exception is pickleable it will return :const:`None`. """ exc_args = getattr(exc, 'args', []) for supercls in itermro(exc.__class__, unwanted_base_classes): try: superexc = supercls(*exc_args) loads(dumps(superexc)) except Exception: # pylint: disable=broad-except pass else: return superexc
def itermro(cls, stop): return takewhile(lambda sup: sup not in stop, getmro(cls))
[docs]def create_exception_cls(name, module, parent=None): """Dynamically create an exception class.""" if not parent: parent = Exception return subclass_exception(name, parent, module)
def ensure_serializable(items, encoder): """Ensure items will serialize. For a given list of arbitrary objects, return the object or a string representation, safe for serialization. Arguments: items (Iterable[Any]): Objects to serialize. encoder (Callable): Callable function to serialize with. """ safe_exc_args = [] for arg in items: try: encoder(arg) safe_exc_args.append(arg) except Exception: # pylint: disable=broad-except safe_exc_args.append(safe_repr(arg)) return tuple(safe_exc_args)
[docs]class UnpickleableExceptionWrapper(Exception): """Wraps unpickleable exceptions. Arguments: exc_module (str): See :attr:`exc_module`. exc_cls_name (str): See :attr:`exc_cls_name`. exc_args (Tuple[Any, ...]): See :attr:`exc_args`. Example: >>> def pickle_it(raising_function): ... try: ... raising_function() ... except Exception as e: ... exc = UnpickleableExceptionWrapper( ... e.__class__.__module__, ... e.__class__.__name__, ... e.args, ... ) ... pickle.dumps(exc) # Works fine. """ #: The module of the original exception. exc_module = None #: The name of the original exception class. exc_cls_name = None #: The arguments for the original exception. exc_args = None def __init__(self, exc_module, exc_cls_name, exc_args, text=None): safe_exc_args = ensure_serializable(exc_args, pickle.dumps) self.exc_module = exc_module self.exc_cls_name = exc_cls_name self.exc_args = safe_exc_args self.text = text super().__init__(exc_module, exc_cls_name, safe_exc_args, text)
[docs] def restore(self): return create_exception_cls(self.exc_cls_name, self.exc_module)(*self.exc_args)
def __str__(self): return self.text
[docs] @classmethod def from_exception(cls, exc): return cls(exc.__class__.__module__, exc.__class__.__name__, getattr(exc, 'args', []), safe_repr(exc))
[docs]def get_pickleable_exception(exc): """Make sure exception is pickleable.""" try: pickle.loads(pickle.dumps(exc)) except Exception: # pylint: disable=broad-except pass else: return exc nearest = find_pickleable_exception(exc) if nearest: return nearest return UnpickleableExceptionWrapper.from_exception(exc)
[docs]def get_pickleable_etype(cls, loads=pickle.loads, dumps=pickle.dumps): """Get pickleable exception type.""" try: loads(dumps(cls)) except Exception: # pylint: disable=broad-except return Exception else: return cls
[docs]def get_pickled_exception(exc): """Reverse of :meth:`get_pickleable_exception`.""" if isinstance(exc, UnpickleableExceptionWrapper): return exc.restore() return exc
def b64encode(s): return bytes_to_str(base64encode(str_to_bytes(s))) def b64decode(s): return base64decode(str_to_bytes(s))
[docs]def strtobool(term, table=None): """Convert common terms for true/false to bool. Examples (true/false/yes/no/on/off/1/0). """ if table is None: table = STRTOBOOL_DEFAULT_TABLE if isinstance(term, str): try: return table[term.lower()] except KeyError: raise TypeError(f'Cannot coerce {term!r} to type bool') return term
def _datetime_to_json(dt): # See "Date Time String Format" in the ECMA-262 specification. if isinstance(dt, datetime.datetime): r = dt.isoformat() if dt.microsecond: r = r[:23] + r[26:] if r.endswith('+00:00'): r = r[:-6] + 'Z' return r elif isinstance(dt, datetime.time): r = dt.isoformat() if dt.microsecond: r = r[:12] return r else: return dt.isoformat() def jsonify(obj, builtin_types=(numbers.Real, str), key=None, keyfilter=None, unknown_type_filter=None): """Transform object making it suitable for json serialization.""" from kombu.abstract import Object as KombuDictType _jsonify = partial(jsonify, builtin_types=builtin_types, key=key, keyfilter=keyfilter, unknown_type_filter=unknown_type_filter) if isinstance(obj, KombuDictType): obj = obj.as_dict(recurse=True) if obj is None or isinstance(obj, builtin_types): return obj elif isinstance(obj, (tuple, list)): return [_jsonify(v) for v in obj] elif isinstance(obj, dict): return { k: _jsonify(v, key=k) for k, v in obj.items() if (keyfilter(k) if keyfilter else 1) } elif isinstance(obj, (datetime.date, datetime.time)): return _datetime_to_json(obj) elif isinstance(obj, datetime.timedelta): return str(obj) else: if unknown_type_filter is None: raise ValueError( f'Unsupported type: {type(obj)!r} {obj!r} (parent: {key})' ) return unknown_type_filter(obj) def raise_with_context(exc): exc_info = sys.exc_info() if not exc_info: raise exc elif exc_info[1] is exc: raise raise exc from exc_info[1]