This document describes the current stable version of Celery (4.0). For development docs, go here.

Source code for celery.bin.base

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
"""Base command-line interface."""
from __future__ import absolute_import, print_function, unicode_literals

import argparse
import os
import random
import re
import sys
import warnings
import json

from collections import defaultdict
from heapq import heappush
from pprint import pformat

from celery import VERSION_BANNER, Celery, maybe_patch_concurrency
from celery import signals
from celery.exceptions import CDeprecationWarning, CPendingDeprecationWarning
from celery.five import (
    getfullargspec, items, python_2_unicode_compatible,
    string, string_t, text_t, long_t,
from celery.platforms import EX_FAILURE, EX_OK, EX_USAGE, isatty
from celery.utils import imports
from celery.utils import term
from celery.utils import text
from celery.utils.functional import dictfilter
from celery.utils.nodenames import node_format, host_format
from celery.utils.objects import Bunch

# Option is here for backwards compatiblity, as third-party commands
# may import it from here.
    from optparse import Option  # pylint: disable=deprecated-module
except ImportError:  # pragma: no cover
    Option = None  # noqa

    input = raw_input
except NameError:  # pragma: no cover

__all__ = [
    'Error', 'UsageError', 'Extensions', 'Command', 'Option', 'daemon_options',

# always enable DeprecationWarnings, so our users can see them.
for warning in (CDeprecationWarning, CPendingDeprecationWarning):
    warnings.simplefilter('once', warning, 0)

Unrecognized command-line arguments: {0}

Try --help?

find_long_opt = re.compile(r'.+?(--.+?)(?:\s|,|$)')
find_rst_ref = re.compile(r':\w+:`(.+?)`')
find_rst_decl = re.compile(r'^\s*\.\. .+?::.+$')

def _optparse_callback_to_type(option, callback):
    parser = Bunch(values=Bunch())

    def _on_arg(value):
        callback(option, None, value, parser)
        return getattr(parser.values, option.dest)
    return _on_arg

def _add_optparse_argument(parser, opt, typemap={
        'string': text_t,
        'int': int,
        'long': long_t,
        'float': float,
        'complex': complex,
        'choice': None}):
    if opt.callback:
        opt.type = _optparse_callback_to_type(opt, opt.type)
    # argparse checks for existence of this kwarg
    if opt.action == 'callback':
        opt.action = None
    # store_true sets value to "('NO', 'DEFAULT')" for some
    # crazy reason, so not to set a sane default here.
    if opt.action == 'store_true' and opt.default is None:
            opt.default = False
        *opt._long_opts + opt._short_opts,
            type=typemap.get(opt.type, opt.type),

def _add_compat_options(parser, options):
    for option in options or ():
        if callable(option):
            _add_optparse_argument(parser, option)

[docs]class Error(Exception): """Exception raised by commands.""" status = EX_FAILURE def __init__(self, reason, status=None): self.reason = reason self.status = status if status is not None else self.status super(Error, self).__init__(reason, status) def __str__(self): return self.reason
[docs]class UsageError(Error): """Exception raised for malformed arguments.""" status = EX_USAGE
[docs]class Extensions(object): """Loads extensions from setuptools entrypoints.""" def __init__(self, namespace, register): self.names = [] self.namespace = namespace self.register = register
[docs] def add(self, cls, name): heappush(self.names, name) self.register(cls, name=name)
[docs] def load(self): for name, cls in imports.load_extension_classes(self.namespace): self.add(cls, name) return self.names
[docs]class Command(object): """Base class for command-line applications. Arguments: app (~@Celery): The app to use. get_app (Callable): Fucntion returning the current app when no app provided. """ Error = Error UsageError = UsageError Parser = argparse.ArgumentParser #: Arg list used in help. args = '' #: Application version. version = VERSION_BANNER #: If false the parser will raise an exception if positional #: args are provided. supports_args = True #: List of options (without preload options). option_list = None # module Rst documentation to parse help from (if any) doc = None # Some programs (multi) does not want to load the app specified # (Issue #1008). respects_app_option = True #: Enable if the application should support config from the cmdline. enable_config_from_cmdline = False #: Default configuration name-space. namespace = None #: Text to print at end of --help epilog = None #: Text to print in --help before option list. description = '' #: Set to true if this command doesn't have sub-commands leaf = True # used by :meth:`say_remote_command_reply`. show_body = True # used by :meth:`say_chat`. show_reply = True prog_name = 'celery' #: Name of argparse option used for parsing positional args. args_name = 'args' def __init__(self, app=None, get_app=None, no_color=False, stdout=None, stderr=None, quiet=False, on_error=None, on_usage_error=None): = app self.get_app = get_app or self._get_default_app self.stdout = stdout or sys.stdout self.stderr = stderr or sys.stderr self._colored = None self._no_color = no_color self.quiet = quiet if not self.description: self.description = self._strip_restructeredtext(self.__doc__) if on_error: self.on_error = on_error if on_usage_error: self.on_usage_error = on_usage_error
[docs] def run(self, *args, **options): raise NotImplementedError('subclass responsibility')
[docs] def on_error(self, exc): # pylint: disable=method-hidden # on_error argument to __init__ may override this method. self.error('Error: {0}'.format(exc)))
[docs] def on_usage_error(self, exc): # pylint: disable=method-hidden # on_usage_error argument to __init__ may override this method. self.handle_error(exc)
[docs] def on_concurrency_setup(self): pass
def __call__(self, *args, **kwargs): random.seed() # maybe we were forked. self.verify_args(args) try: ret =*args, **kwargs) return ret if ret is not None else EX_OK except self.UsageError as exc: self.on_usage_error(exc) return exc.status except self.Error as exc: self.on_error(exc) return exc.status
[docs] def verify_args(self, given, _index=0): S = getfullargspec( _index = 1 if S.args and S.args[0] == 'self' else _index required = S.args[_index:-len(S.defaults) if S.defaults else None] missing = required[len(given):] if missing: raise self.UsageError('Missing required {0}: {1}'.format( text.pluralize(len(missing), 'argument'), ', '.join(missing) ))
[docs] def execute_from_commandline(self, argv=None): """Execute application from command-line. Arguments: argv (List[str]): The list of command-line arguments. Defaults to ``sys.argv``. """ if argv is None: argv = list(sys.argv) # Should we load any special concurrency environment? self.maybe_patch_concurrency(argv) self.on_concurrency_setup() # Dump version and exit if '--version' arg set. self.early_version(argv) argv = self.setup_app_from_commandline(argv) self.prog_name = os.path.basename(argv[0]) return self.handle_argv(self.prog_name, argv[1:])
[docs] def run_from_argv(self, prog_name, argv=None, command=None): return self.handle_argv(prog_name, sys.argv if argv is None else argv, command)
[docs] def maybe_patch_concurrency(self, argv=None): argv = argv or sys.argv pool_option = self.with_pool_option(argv) if pool_option: maybe_patch_concurrency(argv, *pool_option)
[docs] def usage(self, command): return '%(prog)s {0} [options] {self.args}'.format(command, self=self)
[docs] def add_arguments(self, parser): pass
[docs] def get_options(self): # This is for optparse options, please use add_arguments. return self.option_list
[docs] def add_preload_arguments(self, parser): group = parser.add_argument_group('Global Options') group.add_argument('-A', '--app', default=None) group.add_argument('-b', '--broker', default=None) group.add_argument('--loader', default=None) group.add_argument('--config', default=None) group.add_argument('--workdir', default=None) group.add_argument( '--no-color', '-C', action='store_true', default=None) group.add_argument('--quiet', '-q', action='store_true')
def _add_version_argument(self, parser): parser.add_argument( '--version', action='version', version=self.version, )
[docs] def prepare_arguments(self, parser): pass
[docs] def expanduser(self, value): if isinstance(value, string_t): return os.path.expanduser(value) return value
[docs] def ask(self, q, choices, default=None): """Prompt user to choose from a tuple of string values. If a default is not specified the question will be repeated until the user gives a valid choice. Matching is case insensitive. Arguments: q (str): the question to ask (don't include questionark) choice (Tuple[str]): tuple of possible choices, must be lowercase. default (Any): Default value if any. """ schoices = choices if default is not None: schoices = [c.upper() if c == default else c.lower() for c in choices] schoices = '/'.join(schoices) p = '{0} ({1})? '.format(q.capitalize(), schoices) while 1: val = input(p).lower() if val in choices: return val elif default is not None: break return default
[docs] def handle_argv(self, prog_name, argv, command=None): """Parse arguments from argv and dispatch to :meth:`run`. Warning: Exits with an error message if :attr:`supports_args` is disabled and ``argv`` contains positional arguments. Arguments: prog_name (str): The program name (``argv[0]``). argv (List[str]): Rest of command-line arguments. """ options, args = self.prepare_args( *self.parse_options(prog_name, argv, command)) return self(*args, **options)
[docs] def prepare_args(self, options, args): if options: options = { k: self.expanduser(v) for k, v in items(options) if not k.startswith('_') } args = [self.expanduser(arg) for arg in args] self.check_args(args) return options, args
[docs] def check_args(self, args): if not self.supports_args and args: self.die(ARGV_DISABLED.format(', '.join(args)), EX_USAGE)
[docs] def error(self, s): self.out(s, fh=self.stderr)
[docs] def out(self, s, fh=None): print(s, file=fh or self.stdout)
[docs] def die(self, msg, status=EX_FAILURE): self.error(msg) sys.exit(status)
[docs] def early_version(self, argv): if '--version' in argv: print(self.version, file=self.stdout) sys.exit(0)
[docs] def parse_options(self, prog_name, arguments, command=None): """Parse the available options.""" # Don't want to load configuration to just print the version, # so we handle --version manually here. self.parser = self.create_parser(prog_name, command) options = vars(self.parser.parse_args(arguments)) return options, options.pop(self.args_name, None) or []
[docs] def create_parser(self, prog_name, command=None): # for compatibility with optparse usage. usage = self.usage(command).replace('%prog', '%(prog)s') parser = self.Parser( prog=prog_name, usage=usage, epilog=self._format_epilog(self.epilog), formatter_class=argparse.RawDescriptionHelpFormatter, description=self._format_description(self.description), ) self._add_version_argument(parser) self.add_preload_arguments(parser) self.add_arguments(parser) self.add_compat_options(parser, self.get_options()) self.add_compat_options(parser,['preload']) if self.supports_args: # for backward compatibility with optparse, we automatically # add arbitrary positional args. parser.add_argument(self.args_name, nargs='*') return self.prepare_parser(parser)
def _format_epilog(self, epilog): if epilog: return '\n{0}\n\n'.format(epilog) return '' def _format_description(self, description): width = argparse.HelpFormatter('prog')._width return text.ensure_newlines( text.fill_paragraphs(text.dedent(description), width))
[docs] def add_compat_options(self, parser, options): _add_compat_options(parser, options)
[docs] def prepare_parser(self, parser): docs = [self.parse_doc(doc) for doc in (self.doc, __doc__) if doc] for doc in docs: for long_opt, help in items(doc): option = parser._option_string_actions[long_opt] if option is not None: = ' '.join(help).format(default=option.default) return parser
[docs] def setup_app_from_commandline(self, argv): preload_options = self.parse_preload_options(argv) quiet = preload_options.get('quiet') if quiet is not None: self.quiet = quiet try: self.no_color = preload_options['no_color'] except KeyError: pass workdir = preload_options.get('workdir') if workdir: os.chdir(workdir) app = (preload_options.get('app') or os.environ.get('CELERY_APP') or preload_loader = preload_options.get('loader') if preload_loader: # Default app takes loader from this env (Issue #1066). os.environ['CELERY_LOADER'] = preload_loader loader = (preload_loader, os.environ.get('CELERY_LOADER') or 'default') broker = preload_options.get('broker', None) if broker: os.environ['CELERY_BROKER_URL'] = broker config = preload_options.get('config') if config: os.environ['CELERY_CONFIG_MODULE'] = config if self.respects_app_option: if app: = self.find_app(app) elif is None: = self.get_app(loader=loader) if self.enable_config_from_cmdline: argv = self.process_cmdline_config(argv) else: = Celery(fixups=[]) self._handle_user_preload_options(argv) return argv
def _handle_user_preload_options(self, argv): user_preload = tuple(['preload'] or ()) if user_preload: user_options = self._parse_preload_options(argv, user_preload) signals.user_preload_options.send( sender=self,, options=user_options, )
[docs] def find_app(self, app): from import find_app return find_app(app, symbol_by_name=self.symbol_by_name)
[docs] def symbol_by_name(self, name, imp=imports.import_from_cwd): return imports.symbol_by_name(name, imp=imp)
get_cls_by_name = symbol_by_name # XXX compat
[docs] def process_cmdline_config(self, argv): try: cargs_start = argv.index('--') except ValueError: return argv argv, cargs = argv[:cargs_start], argv[cargs_start + 1:], namespace=self.namespace) return argv
[docs] def parse_preload_options(self, args): return self._parse_preload_options(args, [self.add_preload_arguments])
def _parse_preload_options(self, args, options): args = [arg for arg in args if arg not in ('-h', '--help')] parser = self.Parser() self.add_compat_options(parser, options) namespace, _ = parser.parse_known_args(args) return vars(namespace)
[docs] def add_append_opt(self, acc, opt, value): default = opt.default or [] if opt.dest not in acc: acc[opt.dest] = default acc[opt.dest].append(value)
[docs] def parse_doc(self, doc): options, in_option = defaultdict(list), None for line in doc.splitlines(): if line.startswith('.. cmdoption::'): m = find_long_opt.match(line) if m: in_option = m.groups()[0].strip() assert in_option, 'missing long opt' elif in_option and line.startswith(' ' * 4): if not find_rst_decl.match(line): options[in_option].append( find_rst_ref.sub( r'\1', line.strip()).replace('`', '')) return options
def _strip_restructeredtext(self, s): return '\n'.join( find_rst_ref.sub(r'\1', line.replace('`', '')) for line in (s or '').splitlines() if not find_rst_decl.match(line) )
[docs] def with_pool_option(self, argv): """Return tuple of ``(short_opts, long_opts)``. Returns only if the command supports a pool argument, and used to monkey patch eventlet/gevent environments as early as possible. Example: >>> has_pool_option = (['-P'], ['--pool']) """ pass
[docs] def node_format(self, s, nodename, **extra): return node_format(s, nodename, **extra)
[docs] def host_format(self, s, **extra): return host_format(s, **extra)
def _get_default_app(self, *args, **kwargs): from celery._state import get_current_app return get_current_app() # omit proxy
[docs] def pretty_list(self, n): c = self.colored if not n: return '- empty -' return '\n'.join( str(c.reset(c.white('*'), ' {0}'.format(item))) for item in n )
[docs] def pretty_dict_ok_error(self, n): c = self.colored try: return ('OK'), text.indent(self.pretty(n['ok'])[1], 4)) except KeyError: pass return ('ERROR'), text.indent(self.pretty(n['error'])[1], 4))
[docs] def say_remote_command_reply(self, replies): c = self.colored node = next(iter(replies)) # <-- take first. reply = replies[node] status, preply = self.pretty(reply) self.say_chat('->', c.cyan(node, ': ') + status, text.indent(preply, 4) if self.show_reply else '')
[docs] def pretty(self, n): OK = str('OK')) if isinstance(n, list): return OK, self.pretty_list(n) if isinstance(n, dict): if 'ok' in n or 'error' in n: return self.pretty_dict_ok_error(n) else: return OK, json.dumps(n, sort_keys=True, indent=4) if isinstance(n, string_t): return OK, string(n) return OK, pformat(n)
[docs] def say_chat(self, direction, title, body=''): c = self.colored if direction == '<-' and self.quiet: return dirstr = not self.quiet and c.bold(c.white(direction), ' ') or '' self.out(c.reset(dirstr, title)) if body and self.show_body: self.out(body)
@property def colored(self): if self._colored is None: self._colored = term.colored( enabled=isatty(self.stdout) and not self.no_color) return self._colored @colored.setter def colored(self, obj): self._colored = obj @property def no_color(self): return self._no_color @no_color.setter def no_color(self, value): self._no_color = value if self._colored is not None: self._colored.enabled = not self._no_color
[docs]def daemon_options(parser, default_pidfile=None, default_logfile=None): """Add daemon options to argparse parser.""" group = parser.add_argument_group('Daemonization Options') group.add_argument('-f', '--logfile', default=default_logfile), group.add_argument('--pidfile', default=default_pidfile), group.add_argument('--uid', default=None), group.add_argument('--gid', default=None), group.add_argument('--umask', default=None), group.add_argument('--executable', default=None),