This document describes the current stable version of Celery (4.1). For development docs, go here.


Functional-style utilties.

class celery.utils.functional.LRUCache(limit=None)[source]

LRU Cache implementation using a doubly linked list to track access.

Parameters:limit (int) – The maximum number of keys to keep in the cache. When a new key is inserted and the limit has been exceeded, the Least Recently Used key will be discarded from the cache.
incr(key, delta=1)[source]
update(*args, **kwargs)[source]
celery.utils.functional.is_list(l, scalars=(<class '_abcoll.Mapping'>, <type 'basestring'>), iters=(<class '_abcoll.Iterable'>, ))[source]

Return true if the object is iterable.


Returns false if object is a mapping or string.

celery.utils.functional.maybe_list(l, scalars=(<class '_abcoll.Mapping'>, <type 'basestring'>))[source]

Return list of one element if l is a scalar.

celery.utils.functional.memoize(maxsize=None, keyfun=None, Cache=<class kombu.utils.functional.LRUCache>)[source]

Decorator to cache function return value.

class celery.utils.functional.mlazy(fun, *args, **kwargs)[source]

Memoized lazy evaluation.

The function is only evaluated once, every subsequent access will return the same value.

evaluated = False
celery.utils.functional.noop(*args, **kwargs)[source]

No operation.

Takes any arguments/keyword arguments and does nothing.

celery.utils.functional.first(predicate, it)[source]

Return the first element in it that predicate accepts.

If predicate is None it will return the first item that’s not None.

celery.utils.functional.firstmethod(method, on_call=None)[source]

Multiple dispatch.

Return a function that with a list of instances, finds the first instance that gives a value for the given method.

The list can also contain lazy instances (lazy.)

celery.utils.functional.chunks(it, n)[source]

Split an iterator into chunks with n elements each.


it must be an actual iterator, if you pass this a concrete sequence will get you repeating elements.

So chunks(iter(range(1000)), 10) is fine, but chunks(range(1000), 10) is not.


# n == 2 >>> x = chunks(iter([0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10]), 2) >>> list(x) [[0, 1], [2, 3], [4, 5], [6, 7], [8, 9], [10]]

# n == 3 >>> x = chunks(iter([0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10]), 3) >>> list(x) [[0, 1, 2], [3, 4, 5], [6, 7, 8], [9, 10]]

celery.utils.functional.padlist(container, size, default=None)[source]

Pad list with default elements.


>>> first, last, city = padlist(['George', 'Costanza', 'NYC'], 3)
('George', 'Costanza', 'NYC')
>>> first, last, city = padlist(['George', 'Costanza'], 3)
('George', 'Costanza', None)
>>> first, last, city, planet = padlist(
...     ['George', 'Costanza', 'NYC'], 4, default='Earth',
... )
('George', 'Costanza', 'NYC', 'Earth')

Get attributes, ignoring attribute errors.

Like operator.itemgetter() but return None on missing attributes instead of raising AttributeError.


Return all unique elements in it, preserving order.


Convert iterator to an object that can be consumed multiple times.

Regen takes any iterable, and if the object is an generator it will cache the evaluated list on first access, so that the generator can be “consumed” multiple times.

celery.utils.functional.dictfilter(d=None, **kw)[source]

Remove all keys from dict d whose value is None.

class celery.utils.functional.lazy(fun, *args, **kwargs)[source]

Holds lazy evaluation.

Evaluated when called or if the evaluate() method is called. The function is re-evaluated on every call.

Overloaded operations that will evaluate the promise:
__str__(), __repr__(), __cmp__().

Evaluate value only if value is a lazy instance.

celery.utils.functional.head_from_fun(fun, bound=False, debug=False)[source]

Generate signature function from actual function.

celery.utils.functional.maybe(typ, val)[source]

Call typ on value if val is defined.


Return true if function accepts arbitrary keyword arguments.