This document describes the current stable version of Kombu (5.3). For development docs, go here.

Source code for kombu.asynchronous.http.curl

"""HTTP Client using pyCurl."""

from __future__ import annotations

from collections import deque
from functools import partial
from io import BytesIO
from time import time

from kombu.asynchronous.hub import READ, WRITE, Hub, get_event_loop
from kombu.exceptions import HttpError
from kombu.utils.encoding import bytes_to_str

from .base import BaseClient

    import pycurl
except ImportError:  # pragma: no cover
    pycurl = Curl = METH_TO_CURL = None
    from pycurl import Curl

    METH_TO_CURL = {
        'GET': pycurl.HTTPGET,
        'POST': pycurl.POST,
        'PUT': pycurl.UPLOAD,
        'HEAD': pycurl.NOBODY,

__all__ = ('CurlClient',)

DEFAULT_USER_AGENT = 'Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; pycurl)'

[docs] class CurlClient(BaseClient): """Curl HTTP Client.""" Curl = Curl def __init__(self, hub: Hub | None = None, max_clients: int = 10): if pycurl is None: raise ImportError('The curl client requires the pycurl library.') hub = hub or get_event_loop() super().__init__(hub) self.max_clients = max_clients self._multi = pycurl.CurlMulti() self._multi.setopt(pycurl.M_TIMERFUNCTION, self._set_timeout) self._multi.setopt(pycurl.M_SOCKETFUNCTION, self._handle_socket) self._curls = [self.Curl() for i in range(max_clients)] self._free_list = self._curls[:] self._pending = deque() self._fds = {} self._socket_action = self._multi.socket_action self._timeout_check_tref = self.hub.call_repeatedly( 1.0, self._timeout_check, ) # pycurl 7.29.0 workaround dummy_curl_handle = pycurl.Curl() self._multi.add_handle(dummy_curl_handle) self._multi.remove_handle(dummy_curl_handle)
[docs] def close(self): self._timeout_check_tref.cancel() for _curl in self._curls: _curl.close() self._multi.close()
[docs] def add_request(self, request): self._pending.append(request) self._process_queue() self._set_timeout(0) return request
# the next two methods are used for linux/epoll workaround: # we temporarily remove all curl fds from hub, so curl cannot # close a fd which is still inside epoll def _pop_from_hub(self): for fd in self._fds: self.hub.remove(fd) def _push_to_hub(self): for fd, events in self._fds.items(): if events & READ: self.hub.add_reader(fd, self.on_readable, fd) if events & WRITE: self.hub.add_writer(fd, self.on_writable, fd) def _handle_socket(self, event, fd, multi, data, _pycurl=pycurl): if event == _pycurl.POLL_REMOVE: if fd in self._fds: self._fds.pop(fd, None) else: if event == _pycurl.POLL_IN: self._fds[fd] = READ elif event == _pycurl.POLL_OUT: self._fds[fd] = WRITE elif event == _pycurl.POLL_INOUT: self._fds[fd] = READ | WRITE def _set_timeout(self, msecs): self.hub.call_later(msecs, self._timeout_check) def _timeout_check(self, _pycurl=pycurl): self._pop_from_hub() try: while 1: try: ret, _ = self._multi.socket_all() except pycurl.error as exc: ret = exc.args[0] if ret != _pycurl.E_CALL_MULTI_PERFORM: break finally: self._push_to_hub() self._process_pending_requests()
[docs] def on_readable(self, fd, _pycurl=pycurl): return self._on_event(fd, _pycurl.CSELECT_IN)
[docs] def on_writable(self, fd, _pycurl=pycurl): return self._on_event(fd, _pycurl.CSELECT_OUT)
def _on_event(self, fd, event, _pycurl=pycurl): self._pop_from_hub() try: while 1: try: ret, _ = self._socket_action(fd, event) except pycurl.error as exc: ret = exc.args[0] if ret != _pycurl.E_CALL_MULTI_PERFORM: break finally: self._push_to_hub() self._process_pending_requests() def _process_pending_requests(self): while 1: q, succeeded, failed = self._multi.info_read() for curl in succeeded: self._process(curl) for curl, errno, reason in failed: self._process(curl, errno, reason) if q == 0: break self._process_queue() def _process_queue(self): while 1: started = 0 while self._free_list and self._pending: started += 1 curl = self._free_list.pop() request = self._pending.popleft() headers = self.Headers() buf = BytesIO() = { 'headers': headers, 'buffer': buf, 'request': request, 'curl_start_time': time(), } self._setup_request(curl, request, buf, headers) self._multi.add_handle(curl) if not started: break def _process(self, curl, errno=None, reason=None, _pycurl=pycurl): info, =, None self._multi.remove_handle(curl) self._free_list.append(curl) buffer = info['buffer'] if errno: code = 599 error = HttpError(code, reason) error.errno = errno effective_url = None buffer.close() buffer = None else: error = None code = curl.getinfo(_pycurl.HTTP_CODE) effective_url = curl.getinfo(_pycurl.EFFECTIVE_URL) # try: request = info['request'] request.on_ready(self.Response( request=request, code=code, headers=info['headers'], buffer=buffer, effective_url=effective_url, error=error, )) def _setup_request(self, curl, request, buffer, headers, _pycurl=pycurl): setopt = curl.setopt setopt(_pycurl.URL, bytes_to_str(request.url)) # see tornado curl client request.headers.setdefault('Expect', '') request.headers.setdefault('Pragma', '') setopt( _pycurl.HTTPHEADER, ['{}: {}'.format(*h) for h in request.headers.items()], ) setopt( _pycurl.HEADERFUNCTION, partial(request.on_header or self.on_header, request.headers), ) setopt( _pycurl.WRITEFUNCTION, request.on_stream or buffer.write, ) setopt( _pycurl.FOLLOWLOCATION, request.follow_redirects, ) setopt( _pycurl.USERAGENT, bytes_to_str(request.user_agent or DEFAULT_USER_AGENT), ) if request.network_interface: setopt(_pycurl.INTERFACE, request.network_interface) setopt( _pycurl.ENCODING, 'gzip,deflate' if request.use_gzip else 'none', ) if request.proxy_host: if not request.proxy_port: raise ValueError('Request with proxy_host but no proxy_port') setopt(_pycurl.PROXY, request.proxy_host) setopt(_pycurl.PROXYPORT, request.proxy_port) if request.proxy_username: setopt(_pycurl.PROXYUSERPWD, '{}:{}'.format( request.proxy_username, request.proxy_password or '')) setopt(_pycurl.SSL_VERIFYPEER, 1 if request.validate_cert else 0) setopt(_pycurl.SSL_VERIFYHOST, 2 if request.validate_cert else 0) if request.ca_certs is not None: setopt(_pycurl.CAINFO, request.ca_certs) setopt(_pycurl.IPRESOLVE, pycurl.IPRESOLVE_WHATEVER) for meth in METH_TO_CURL.values(): setopt(meth, False) try: meth = METH_TO_CURL[request.method] except KeyError: curl.setopt(_pycurl.CUSTOMREQUEST, request.method) else: curl.unsetopt(_pycurl.CUSTOMREQUEST) setopt(meth, True) if request.method in ('POST', 'PUT'): body = request.body.encode('utf-8') if request.body else b'' reqbuffer = BytesIO(body) setopt(_pycurl.READFUNCTION, if request.method == 'POST': def ioctl(cmd): if cmd == _pycurl.IOCMD_RESTARTREAD: setopt(_pycurl.IOCTLFUNCTION, ioctl) setopt(_pycurl.POSTFIELDSIZE, len(body)) else: setopt(_pycurl.INFILESIZE, len(body)) elif request.method == 'GET': assert not request.body if request.auth_username is not None: auth_mode = { 'basic': _pycurl.HTTPAUTH_BASIC, 'digest': _pycurl.HTTPAUTH_DIGEST }[request.auth_mode or 'basic'] setopt(_pycurl.HTTPAUTH, auth_mode) userpwd = '{}:{}'.format( request.auth_username, request.auth_password or '', ) setopt(_pycurl.USERPWD, userpwd) else: curl.unsetopt(_pycurl.USERPWD) if request.client_cert is not None: setopt(_pycurl.SSLCERT, request.client_cert) if request.client_key is not None: setopt(_pycurl.SSLKEY, request.client_key) if request.on_prepare is not None: request.on_prepare(curl)